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Saving lifes by performing first aid

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This is the first intervention given to a casualty during sudden illness/sustained injury or physiological distress due to choking,heart attack,allergic reactions,drugs or other medical emergencies using the available materials before he/she handed over to a more qualified personnel i.e doctor,nurse or E.M.T[Emergency medical technician].It is usually performed by non-experts but a trained personnel to a sick or injured person until definitive medical treatment can be accessed although certain self-limiting illnesses or minor injuries may not require further medical care past the first aid intervention.It generally consists of a series of simple and sometimes potentially life-saving techniques that can be performed with minimal equipment.

Key aims of first aid

The key aims of first aid is generally summarized into three key points namely:

1.To preserve or save life and minimize the threat of of death.

2.To prevent further harm or prevent the condition from worsening or danger of further injury covering both external factors of the patient for example moving a patient away from any cause of harm and applying first aid techniques to prevent worsening of the condition such as applying pressure to stop a bleed becoming dangerous.

3.To promote recovery- First aid involves trying to start the recovery process from illness or injury.


1.To assess situation as quickly and safely and summon appropriate help.

2.To protect casualties and others at the scene from possible danger.

3.To identify as far as possible the injury or nature of illness affecting a casuality.

4.To give each casualty appropriate treatment ,treating the most serious conditions first.

5.To arrange casualty`s removal to hospital.


First aid manual                                                                                                                  

Sterilized dressings                                                                                                                                                            -Adhesive tape

-Safety pins

-Eye patches

-Antiseptic wipes or soap

-Disposable gloves


-Adhesive bandages/plaster

 Emergency blanket

-Barrier devices such as pocket mask or face shield


-Plastic tweezers

-Sterile eye and gauze pads



-Medication such as painkillers,topical medications








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Originating from the picturesque valleys of Nakuru, a region of Kenya known for its stunning flamingo-populated lakes, Lotela Paul's early life was steeped in stories and narratives that danced between the daily lives of the local people and the grand tapestry of Kenyan history.

This rich backdrop propelled Lotela to one of Kenya's top universities, where her multidisciplinary studies allowed her to explore a mosaic of subjects, from history and culture to contemporary issues and technological advancements. This academic diversity would later become a cornerstone of her writing style.

Upon completing her education, Lotela embarked on a writing journey that knew no boundaries. Whether diving deep into the intricacies of Kenyan folklore, elucidating the nuances of modern urban challenges, or delving into the potential of emerging technologies in East Africa, Lotela's articles carried a signature blend of depth, insight, and local flavor.

Her versatility made her a cherished contributor to various Kenyan publications, and soon, her work gained international attention. Readers from around the world have come to appreciate her ability to touch on diverse themes while maintaining a coherent voice that reflects the heart and soul of Kenya.

Beyond her written endeavors, Lotela Paul is an advocate for promoting literary talents in Kenya. She has been involved in several grassroots initiatives that aim to nurture young writers, providing them with platforms to voice their perspectives and stories.

In today's ever-evolving literary landscape, Lotela stands as a beacon of adaptability and authenticity. Her writings, regardless of their theme, always carry a touch of Kenya—a testament to her love for her homeland and her commitment to sharing its multifaceted stories with the world.

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