Shortage of milk and milk products in Kenya is a real concern. Fortunately, this means entrepreneurs and farmers can see this as a lucrative venture they can undertake. Essentially, knowing how to take off in this economically beneficial endeavor is the most critical factor.
What You Need To Consider
Availability of Land
Dairy farming can be practiced on a piece of land ranging from 0.1-1,000,000 acres, depending on the scale of farming. This is the first requirement that any prospective farmer ought to meet.
Identifying The Right Livestock Breeds
There is diversity of dairy cows in Kenya including both local and exotic breeds. For more returns, exotic breeds such as Friesian, Ayrshire, Jersey and Guernsey. The farmer ought to consider acquisition and maintenance costs, and possible returns given a particular breed. A good dairy cow may cost between kshs. 100,000-500,000.
Getting Money (Capital)
Dairy farming is a real business venture. Capital is, therefore, mandatory for buying livestock, farm equipment, establishment of structures and buying of animal feed, among other essential requirements. You can draw this from a savings account, income or loan.
Putting Up Necessary Structures
Dairy animals must be kept under conducive living conditions free from rains, winds and unnecessary human interference. This calls for establishment of appropriate structures
Supply of Feed
Feeds are the most essential requirements for any successful dairy farming undertaking. It is important to have a reliable source of animal feed even before the animals get onto the farm.
Besides the above, a farmer needs to obtain sufficient information the care of the animals and general maintenance of the farm.