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Irrigation Methods Used Farmers In Kenya

irrigation methods used farmers in kenya


Irrigation in Kenya is being used as one of the ways that can be used to enhance farming and boost agricultural productivity in the country. Several methods are used by Kenyan farmers to practice irrigation and the following are some of the major ways used to carry out irrigation.

Surface irrigation method

It includes water being pumped from a certain source of river into the area to be irrigated. The three common surface methods used in Kenya are flood irrigation where water will enter the land uncontrollably and does not need any minimum amount of land to be invented. The border irrigation includes water entering the irrigation place as one controlled sheet of water that leads to less amounts of water being lost. Furrow irrigation includes water being directed to shallow channels that can be constructed using the ordinary farm machinery.


Water is eventually directed to the various  subsoil in the places that are supposed to be irrigated. Ground water table is controlled by the amount of water being pumped into the place. It is reported to be the least commonly used method of irrigation found in many countries. Water seeps slowly into the subsoil to give maximum time for it to moisten the roots of crops.

Sprinkler irrigation

Water is applied to the areas for irrigation informs that mimics the action of rain. This is achieved through distributing the available water through pipelines under the pressure to the various types sprinkler that spray the water from above and into the crops and land. The devices can be fixed, portable and can also be mobile depending on the preference of the farmer.

Drip irrigation method

Water is applied to each plant through one or more emitters. Areas with high temperatures are more suitable for this type of irrigation and that having limited resources of water.Accurate application of water without loss is ensured by the system and hence care needs to be done to ensure that the correct procedures is often adapted.





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Hailing from the fertile highlands of central Kenya, Wamugunda-Anne's life has always been intertwined with the land. Born into a family of farmers, her earliest memories are of verdant fields, changing seasons, and the rhythm of nature. These formative experiences would later shape her academic and professional pursuits.

Wamugunda-Anne's passion for agriculture was not just about the practice but understanding its deeper implications — the sociological, environmental, and economic intricacies of farming in Kenya. This passion drove her to one of Kenya's prestigious universities, where she pursued a degree in Agricultural Sciences. Throughout her academic journey, she became renowned for her insightful articles on sustainable farming practices, emphasizing the balance between modern techniques and traditional Kenyan agricultural wisdom.

After university, Wamugunda-Anne transitioned into a full-time career in agricultural journalism. Her works have since been published in numerous national and international journals. Beyond just writing, she has played a pivotal role in shaping agricultural policies in Kenya by collaborating with policymakers, researchers, and local farmers. Her articles often focus on the challenges faced by Kenyan farmers, sustainable agricultural practices, and innovative solutions to boost food security in the region.

Today, Wamugunda-Anne stands as a beacon of inspiration in Kenyan agricultural circles. With every article she writes, she hopes to enlighten, inspire, and pave the way for a sustainable agricultural future for Kenya and the African continent at large.

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